The Effects of Climate Change on the Risk of Floods in Spain

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Floods in general are events associated with more intense rainfall than average that pro-duce the inundation of areas generally free of surface water, such as urban and industrial areas and agricultural fields. The risk of flooding emer-ges from the combination of two factors: on the one hand, the occurrence of more intense rainfall (danger) and, on the other, the existence of goods and people that may potentially become affected by being in flood areas, temporary riverbeds and other hazardous areas (vulnerability). Clearly, fa-cing the same risk of flooding (the same intense rainfall), the final risk will be very different depen-ding on the degree of vulnerability, that is, the po-pulation and goods exposed, which depends on the type of use of that space and the existing terri-torial ordination model.

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